Improving the health status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is a longstanding challenge for governments in Australia. While there have been improvements made in some areas since the s notably in reducing high rates of infant mortality 1 overall progress has been slow and inconsistent. The inequality gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other Australians remains wide and has not been progressively reduced. With a significant proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in younger age groups, there is an additional challenge to programs and services being able to keep up with the future demands of a burgeoning population. Unless substantial steps are taken now, there is a very real prospect that the health status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples could worsen. A steady, incremental approach will not reduce the significant health disparities between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other Australians.
Indigenous Australians ‘farmed bananas 2,000 years ago’
Our Covid related resources page includes a list of some existing resources which may be useful when researching issues related to COVID Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Indigenous employment. Canberra: AIHW. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Aboriginal Australian. Information; Related objects. Also known as: Aboriginal Australian: Aboriginal: Aborigine. Broader terms: Indigenous Australian. Narrower.
The history of Indigenous Australians began at least 65, years ago when humans first populated the Australian continental landmasses. The origin of the first humans to populate the southern continent and the pieces of land which became islands as ice receded and sea levels rose remains a matter of conjecture and debate.
Some anthropologists believe they could have arrived as a result of the earliest human migrations out of Africa. Although they likely migrated to the territory later named Australia through Southeast Asia , Aboriginal Australians are not demonstrably related to any known Asian or Melanesian population, although Torres Strait Islander people do have a genetic link to some Melanesian populations.
There is evidence of genetic and linguistic interchange between Australians in the far north and the Austronesian peoples of modern-day New Guinea and the islands, but this may be the result of recent trade and intermarriage. Estimates of the number of people living in Australia at the time that colonisation began in , who belonged to a range of diverse groups , vary from , to a million,  and upper estimates place the total population as high as 1.
Blackfellas finding love: This dating page is connecting Indigenous singles
Indigenous Australians are people with familial heritage to groups that lived in Australia before British colonisation. The term Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people , or the person’s specific cultural group their mob , is often preferred, though the terms First Nations of Australia, First Peoples of Australia and First Australians are also increasingly common. The time of arrival of the first peoples on the continent and nearby islands is a matter of debate among researchers.
Marion Leane Smith is to date the only identified Indigenous woman to serve in She was a communication worker with the Australian Women’s Army Service.
Australia was one of the earliest regions outside Africa to be colonized by fully modern humans, with archaeological evidence for human presence by 47, years ago 47 kya widely accepted [ 1 , 2 ]. However, the extent of subsequent human entry before the European colonial age is less clear. The dingo reached Australia about 4 kya, indirectly implying human contact, which some have linked to changes in language and stone tool technology to suggest substantial cultural changes at the same time [ 3 ].
Here, we sequence 13 Aboriginal Australian Y chromosomes to re-investigate their divergence times from Y chromosomes in other continents, including a comparison of Aboriginal Australian and South Asian haplogroup C chromosomes. For distinguishing subclades of haplogroup C, we also make use of the haplogroup labels C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 as they are used in [ 9 ]. Consent was provided to study the history of the uniparental chromosomes, and reads mapping to the Y chromosome were identified.
These form the basis for the current study. We note that the geographic information on the origin of the paternal line is sometimes uncertain and, due to the widespread movement of Aboriginal people after European colonization, might not reflect deeper geographic origins. The overall topology of the tree recapitulates the known Y chromosome phylogeny.
Women at War
An archaeological study has found evidence of the earliest occupation of the Australian coast from Barrow Island, Northwest Australia. The excavation and dating of artefacts and sea and land fauna from sites on the island provide evidence of the Aboriginal occupation of Australia dating back to a period between 46, and 51, thousand years. These estimates overlap with, and effectively push back, the earliest dates now widely accepted for the first occupation of Australia.
And today, how are Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal and Torres Dating these relics pushed back the recognised arrival date of humans in Australia to at sky, rivers, sites, seasons, plants and animals that surround them.
Thank you for your support of and participation in National Reconciliation Week We thank our long-term allies and supporters who have walked beside us for decades and all of the new ones who walked with us this year. Reconciliation is a journey for all Australians — as individuals, families, communities, organisations and importantly as a nation. At the heart of this journey are relationships between the broader Australian community and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
We all have a role to play when it comes to reconciliation, and in playing our part we collectively build relationships and communities that value Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, histories, cultures, and futures. Check out more news and info from National Reconciliation Week The In this together poster and digital resources are now available to download and print in the resources section below. As always, we stand on the shoulders of those who came before us, and Australians now benefit from the efforts and contributions of people committed to reconciliation in the past.
Today we work together to further that national journey towards a fully reconciled country. We strive towards a more just, equitable nation by championing unity and mutual respect as we come together and connect with one another. On this journey, Australians are all In This Togethe r; every one of us has a role to play when it comes to reconciliation, and in playing our part we collectively build relationships and communities that value Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, histories and cultures.
National Reconciliation Week NRW is a time for all Australians to learn about our shared histories, cultures, and achievements, and to explore how each of us can contribute to achieving reconciliation in Australia. These dates commemorate two significant milestones in the reconciliation journey— the successful referendum, and the High Court Mabo decision respectively.
Reconciliation must live in the hearts, minds and actions of all Australians as we move forward, creating a nation strengthened by respectful relationships between the wider Australian community, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
There is a range of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander resources by scrolling to the bottom of the page, where you can filter your search by community or health professional. The Australian health sector emergency response plan for novel coronavirus COVID is a living document and guides the Australian health sector response. The app aims to help state and territory health officials quickly contact people who may have been exposed to COVID and is completely voluntary and free to download.
University science lecturers have been warned off making the familiar statement in class that Aboriginal people have been in Australia for.
World Vision Australia is proud to be supporting teachers to embed First Nations people perspectives, cultures and histories at their schools. If you are interested in learning more join us to receive news about our upcoming Teacher events, resources and activities for students. Australia has a rich Indigenous history dating back tens of thousands of years and evolving over hundreds of generations.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities maintain strong connections to their culture, language and traditional lands and view the world with a spiritual lens that is unique to their community. Here are some interesting facts about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians that you may not have heard of before. The traditional owners of the land which archaeological evidence confirms is the oldest continuous civilisation on earth, extending back over 65, years.
They were among the first humans to migrate out of Africa, across the coastlines of India and Asia until reaching the shores of Australia. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are not one homogenous group — they are a diverse group of hundreds of nations or cultural groups and clans within those nations. It has been estimated that around languages and dialects were spoken at the time of colonial invasion in in over different nations , many with very different and distinctive cultures, beliefs and languages.
Find the Traditional Custodians of the land you’re on. They are of Melanesian origin and have differing identities, histories and cultural traditions to Aboriginal Australians. The Torres Strait Islands are a group of about small islands distributed across an area of 48,km 2. Not all Islanders live on the Torres Strait Islands — 64 percent live in Queensland on both the mainland and islands.
This phenomenon is often referred to as the “Torres Strait diaspora”.
Museum number Oc. Description Knife taap made from a wooden handle, with quartz flakes set in resin.
11 Historic Indigenous Australian Sites and Landmarks sites, as well as archaeological evidence that shows Indigenous occupation dating.
Indigenous communities and archaeologists fear thousands of historic Aboriginal sites and artefacts have been damaged — or destroyed — by fires that have ravaged Australia. These places are essential for understanding the movement of people in Australia and hold huge value for Indigenous groups.
Black soldier depicts Lesley Murray’s grandfather. Based on a photograph taken during the Second World War, this is a private work of commemoration. It is also intended to serve as a tribute to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander soldiers who served in the Second World War but who may not have received recognition.
The NACCHO Facebook page also has regular updates. There is a The Coronavirus Australia app will give you the latest up to date information on COVID
Australia fires: Aboriginal planners say the bush ‘needs to burn’. Aboriginal Australians ‘still suffering effects of colonial past’. Archaeologists say they have found ancient banana farms once managed by Australia’s Indigenous peoples. The sites, which date back 2, years, were found on a tiny island north of the mainland in the Torres Strait. Researchers found banana microfossils, stone tools, charcoal and a series of retaining walls at the site.
It further dispels the myth that Australia’s native peoples were solely “hunter-gatherers”, researchers said. Australia’s oldest human remains head home Mining firm halts plan to disturb Aboriginal sites. He said the Torres Strait had been historically viewed as a “separating line” between Indigenous groups in New Guinea – now part of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea – who practiced agriculture, and those in Australia who were labelled “hunter gatherers”.
But the findings show that the strait was “more of a bridge or a filter” for horticultural practices across both regions, said Mr Williams. The agricultural system reflected the local regional diet at the time which included staples such as yams, taro and bananas. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are widely misconceived to have been nomadic hunter-gatherers in the time before British colonisation.
Historians have argued that the British denied evidence of Indigenous agriculture systems so they could claim the land was unsettled and unoccupied.